欧委会:2020年数字经济与社会指数

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Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2020.pdf

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2020年6月,欧委会发布《2020年数字经济与社会指数》(Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2020)。作为衡量欧盟成员国数字经济和社会发展程度的一种工具,数字经济和社会指数旨在从互联互通、人力资本、互联网应用、数字技术集成、数字化公共服务等多个维度30余个指标综合描述、衡量欧盟经济社会的数字化水平和进程。

从整体数字化水平看,芬兰、瑞典、丹麦、荷兰的数字化水平最高,保加利亚和希腊位居末位,而过去五年里,爱尔兰提高最快,其次为荷兰、马耳他、西班牙。报告分五个维度对数字经济进行分析。

  • 联通性方面。2019年有78%的家庭安装固定宽带,较五年前高8个百分点;4G网络已覆盖整个欧洲,但只有17个国家分配了5G频谱,其中芬兰、德国、匈牙利、意大利较为领先。
  • 人力资源方面。42%的欧洲人缺乏基本的数字技能,2018年欧盟共有910万信息技术专业人才,较四年前增加160万。
  • 网络使用方面。85%的人每周至少使用一次互联网,较五年前增加10个百分点;视频通话使用量增长最快,网上银行和网络购物也广受欢迎。
  • 数字技术方面。大企业数字化程度更高,分别有38.5%和32.7%的大企业依靠云服务、使用大数据分析,而中小企业只有17%和12%。同时,仅有17.5%的中小企业以线上方式销售商品和服务,大企业则占39%。
  • 公共服务方面。以在线方式提交行政审批表格的占67%,较五年前增加10个百分点,其中爱沙尼亚、西班牙、丹麦、芬兰、拉脱维亚表现较好。


欧委会执行副主席韦斯塔格表示,疫情凸显了在线社交的重要性。欧委会将继续与成员国合作,加大对数字经济投资力度,努力让所有欧洲人都能从数字服务和创新中获益。(文章来源:驻欧盟使团经商处)


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