德勤:轨道交通产业投资促进报告

发布时间: 2016-12-28 19:51
知识文档-点击下载

deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-161227.pdf

2.85 MB, 5人喜欢 , 299人浏览

所需积分: 2 积分 [立即下载]

116页 完整版 PDF

《轨道交通产业投资促进报告——罗马尼亚和土耳其轨道交通市场分析》由商务部投资促进事务局、德勤中国联合发布,基于双方对于中国轨道交通行业的长期关注、研究和服务,通过数据统计、行业分析、国内外龙头企业和行业专家的访谈调研编撰完成。报告在编撰过程中还获得了罗马尼亚驻华大使馆、土耳其驻华大使馆,以及中国中车股份有限公司、中国土木工程集团有限公司、中国机械进出口集团有限公司等相关国家驻华使领馆和业内企业的大力支持。在去年对中国企业海外投资合作概况进行综述的基础上,编写组充分调研并听取企业意见,本年度报告重点选取了两个“一带一路”沿线国家——罗马尼亚和土耳其进行细化研究。

本报告由商务部投资促进事务局、德勤中国联合发布,基于双方对于中国轨道交通行业的长期关注、研究和服务,通过数据统计、行业分析、国内外龙头企业和行业专家的访谈调研编撰完成。本报告部分编写工作由南德认证检测公司完成,报告在编撰过程中还获得了罗马尼亚驻华大使馆、土耳其驻华大使馆,以及中国中车股份有限公司、中国土木工程集团有限公司、中国机械进出口集团有限公司等相关国家驻华使领馆和业内企业的大力支持

核心观点/主要成果
报告主要覆盖罗马尼亚和土耳其两国的政局现状和经济发展态势、轨道交通产业发展规划、产业发展政策、细分市场供需及竞争格局、技术体系和准入条件等,并重点分析了中国企业在当地建设和运营的现状、市场机会和投资风险。企业案例研究则分析了代表性企业在当地的运营实践经验和对中国企业的启示。以下总结了两国轨道交通的市场状况及投资建议:

罗马尼亚
  • 目前罗马尼亚铁路行业的铁路技术水平比较落后、运输调度体系还不科学以及铁路装备长期缺乏维修及改造。铁路系统面临较为迫切的维修和改建需求,城市轨道交通(主要集中在有轨电车和地铁)是目前罗马尼亚铁路市场最具吸引力的细分市场之一。
  • 《罗马尼亚交通运输总体规划》提到,铁路系统的投资重点为:既有线路的现代化改造、泛欧运输通道罗马尼亚段的电气化改造,以及新机车车辆采购计划。根据规划,到2030年罗马尼亚铁路系统的总投资将达到140亿欧元。
  • 目前,欧洲基建企业较多采用合资项目的方式进入罗马尼亚市场。对机车装备制造商而言,同当地制造企业成立合资公司或建立合作关系是最为主流且稳健的市场进入方式。
  • 欧洲标准规范严格,划分细致,涵盖面广且自成体系,中国轨道交通装备制造企业必须要了解欧洲技术标准所带来的准入风险,及竞标过程中的流程风险、法律风险,与后期项目运营的文化差异等。
  • 中国企业应当效仿罗马尼亚轨道交通工程承包商以联合体的形式竞标,寻找当地合作伙伴,联合西方装备制造企业及罗马尼亚本土基建公司,三方或多方组成联合体的形式参与竞标。罗基建公司参与土建桥梁等工程,中方企业负责包括立交、车站建设、“四电”集成和配套项目。这是目前较为现实的进入模式。


土耳其
  • 高铁建设是土耳其的首要发展项目之一,也是“2023年愿景”中最重要一项内容。土耳其计划到2023年建国百年之际,将高铁里程从目前的1,213公里增长到1万公里,同期新建普通铁路4,000公里,铁路总长达到25,940公里,总投资450亿美元。
  • 土耳其还计划建设国际铁路走廊,连通欧洲、中亚、北亚、东亚、中东和北非地区,发挥丝绸之路更大的重要性。
  • 基于2023年愿景,土耳其将扩大铁路网、翻修信号控制系统、转换接触网系统并新增轨道车辆,这为其基建、机车、信号和服务等市场带来巨大机遇。
  • 传统市场进入模式主要有三种,即绿地投资、建立合资企业、以及并购。在绿地投资方面,中国企业在土耳其已有不少实践;合资企业是受土耳其政府支持的一种市场进入模式;而对于跨国并购,目前土耳其铁路市场上暂没有收集到相关案例。
  • 对于计划涉足土耳其市场的企业来说,可以考虑联合体、PPP模式和技术输出等进入策略,通过提供差异化的产品服务、建立良好的政商关系来形成竞争优势,并积极适应欧洲技术标准、土耳其民族文化等差异。在走出去的过程中,应注重整合优势资源形成联合体、争取国家融资支持,以提高企业自身的国际竞争力。


deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg
deloitte-cn-cip-investment-promotion-report-on-railway-industry-romania-turkey-1.jpg


  • 2017年最新“90后”调研报告分享
  • 2017年5月,数字营销领域的25份报告
邮件订阅
最新热门
 
相关知识
 
智能推荐
 
广告

帮助中心|关于我们|注册协议|投诉指引|获取积分|投稿须知|作者权益|下载须知|联系我们|手机版|USEIT Inc.

GMT+8, 2017-6-23 11:25 , Processed in 0.391903 second(s), 30 queries , Gzip On, Memcache On.

鄂公网安备 42011202000160号  鄂ICP备13013806号-1

网络经济主体信息湖北省互联网举报平台 中国互联网违法和不良信息举报中心

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表